The char is then removed and bleached to remove every trace of carbon.
The chair is reassembled and presented with a thin coat of black paint.
Most handmade pieces will show some irregularities to the surface such as minor nicks indicative of a hand plane being used to smooth out the wood, and this is sometimes even more evident on the back than on the finished front surfaces.
Most machine made pieces date after 1860, according to art historian Lori Verderame (also known as Dr.
Looking at the joinery, or the way a piece of antique furniture is put together, will provide many clues that help in determining the age.
But there are a number of other factors to consider as well, including the tools that were used to craft a piece and what the individual components look like.
In general when examining original crisp edges on wooden objects, they have only been slightly worn from wear and the ravages of time when compared to a faker who tends to over-round these areas, unconsciencely going to excesses of the original hoping to make his point.
In the 1890s, American furniture began to be mass-produced and it was too time- consuming to hand cut the dovetails.I will use the terms: “fake” referring to a completely made phony; fraud: designates an antique that has been altered, misattributed, or otherwise discussed or misrepresented as what it is not.