Additionally, there has been considerable attention paid to the mechanisms that shape parenting that then influence adolescent outcomes.
For instance, researchers have found that neighborhood conditions moderated the association between parenting and adolescent development.
In this paper, several covariates and contextual effects associated with parenting and adolescent outcomes will be discussed.
Also, parental behaviors, parental styles and adolescent outcomes are discussed in this literature review.
Parents and teachers completed ratings of symptom-induced impairment for DSM-IV-referenced syndromes, and parents completed a background questionnaire for a consecutively referred sample of primarily male (81%) 6-to-12 year olds with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (N=221). Results: Females presented lower intakes of energy, macronutrients and micronutrients (Ca, Fe, Mg, K, P, Na, thiamin, vitamins E, C, B-6, B-12, pantothenic acid, folic acid) because the severity of their ED was greater. This secondary study explores outcomes other than DBD and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as measured by the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4R (CASI-4R).
Clinical correlates of co-occurring psychiatric and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom-induced impairment in children with ASD. Although psychiatric symptom severity and impairment are overlapping but nevertheless distinct illness parameters, little research has examined whether variables found to be associated with the severity are also correlated with symptom-induced impairment. Dietary intake was quantified using the 24 h recall method over three days and the probability of inadequate intake was determined. In the four-site Treatment of Severe Childhood Aggression (TOSCA) study, addition of risperidone to stimulant and parent training moderately improved parent-rated disruptive behavior disorder (DBD) symptoms.
This reference list was compiled by Robert Hare for personal use.
Most, but not all, of the articles listed on these pages discuss or evaluate the PCL-R, the PCL: SV, the PCL: YV, and other Hare Scales.
to suggest that the psychologic impact of involvement in an abusive relationship is less for male adolescents than for female adolescents and, therefore, that victimization by an intimate partner may be a weaker marker for other risk behaviors in males vs females.
Risk behavior involvement was determined using 5 measures: substance use, antisocial behavior, violent behavior, suicidal behavior, and depressed mood.
There was no significant difference in the frequency of abuse by an intimate partner for males (21.0%) vs females (22.1%).
The multiple linear regression models showed that the r ED and EDNOS groups presented a lower energy intake of 1597.4 k J/d (381.8 kcal/d) and 3153.0 k J/d (753.6 kcal/d), respectively. All received only parent training plus stimulant for the first 3 weeks, then those with room for improvement received a second drug (placebo or risperidone) for 6 weeks.
These lower dietary intakes led to nutritional risk (for Ca, Fe, Mg, P, vitamins A, D, B-6) in more than 80 % and 60 % of females with EDNOS and r ED, respectively. Methods: A total of 168 children ages 6-12 with severe aggression (physical harm), DBD, and ADHD were randomized to parent training plus stimulant plus placebo (basic treatment) or parent training plus stimulant plus risperidone (augmented treatment) for 9 weeks.
In contrast, little difference was observed in the nutritional intakes of males. CASI-4R category item means at baseline and week 9 were entered into linear mixed-effects models for repeated measures to evaluate group differences in changes. Results: Parent ratings were nonsignificant with small/negligible effects, but teacher ratings (n=46 with complete data) showed significant augmented treatment advantage for symptoms of anxiety (p=0.013, d=0.71), schizophrenia spectrum (p=0.017, d=0.45), and impairment in these domains (p=0.02, d=0.26), all remaining significant after false discovery rate correction for multiple tests.